The most emblematic building of Malpartida, Cáceres is the wool laundry, located in the Natural landscape of Los Barruecos, three kilometers from the population towards the South. Built at the end of the 18th century by D. Álvaro de Ulloa, it is an architectural complex related to the livestock phenomenon of the Mesta, with an area of 14,000 square meters. All work relating to the obtaining and development of wool from the flocks of transhumant sheep which, in late spring, started their March towards pastures more frescoes of the Northern peninsular were carried out on the set of their ships.
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During the 19th century, the time of peak activity of the complex, they worked around 100 workers and were washed more than 80,000 arrobas of wool for the textile industries of the Portuguese city of Covilhã and, to a lesser extent, to the workshops of Béjar (Salamanca), Torrejoncillo (Cáceres). Even part of the wool was exported through the port of Lisbon towards Northern Europe.
Different ships or buildings are perfectly interconnected, preserving today each one of them the original name, according to their function: ship of the shearing and wool, room stowage or storage, weighing room boilers, wheel wash, windmills, Garden,...
An excellent example of industrial architecture, with a scheme of comprehensive utilization and a successful rehabilitation, that make this building is a space that subjugates the emotions of visitors. It was declared Bien de interés Cultural category of historic site by the Government of Extremadura, in 1991.
From October 1976, of Los Barruecos wool laundry complex hosts the Museo Vostell Malpartida